Grammar, Vocabulary. 08.12.2014
Grammar Teacher

Англійська граматика: Must-know prepositions

Автор: Grammar Teacher

 Hello, my dear readers! 

Tell me, do you listen to music every day? 
Why can’t I say “listen music” or “listen at music” or “listen on music”? Because we say “listen to”. But why? – you will ask me. Because there are some prepositions that we simply must know. They are linked to the word they go after, like this: 

 
 
So in this blog I want to tell you about some must-know prepositions! 
 
First of all, there are verbs followed by prepositions. There are also nouns and adjectives followed by prepositions. 
Let’s take a look at verbs:

 

Verb

Preposition

Example

Apologize

For

I apologize for being late.

Ask

For

I asked for some coffee.

Care

For

I cared for him when he was sick.

Protect (someone)

From

Parents protect their children from problems.

Suffer

From

She suffered from hay fever.

Believe

In

I believe in you!

Save (someone)

From

I saved a kitten from fire!

Approve

Of

I don't approve of this behavior.

Smell

Of

This cake smells of strawberries.

Concentrate

On

I need to concentrate on my homework!

Agree

On/with

We agree on almost everything. I agree with you.

Introduce (someone)

To

I introduced him to my parents.

Advise

To

I advised my boyfriend to buy a car.

Depend

On

It depends on the weather.

Spend

On

I spend a lot of money on gas.

Participate

In

Let's participate in this contest

Punish

For

His parents punished him for smoking.

Distinguish

From

How can you distinguish a dog from a cat?

Apply

For

I applied for a new job.

Escape

From

I need to escape from this place!

Forgive

For

She forgave him for cheating.

Rely

On

Do you rely on yourself or on others in times of need?

Refer

To

I referred to his book in my article.

Hope

For

I hope for a bright future for our country.

Comment

On

He commented on the performance.

Compare

To/with

You can't compare an apple to an orange!

Laugh

At

Why are you laughing at me?

Listen

To

Do you like to listen to the fire crackling?

Congratulate

On

I congratulated them on getting married.

Think

Of/about

I am thinking of moving to another apartment.

Vote

For

I will vote for you!

Lend

To

I lent some money to my friend.

Succeed

In

I will succeed in writing this blog

Wait

For

Let's wait for another bus.

Worry

About

Don't worry about anything!

 
When we have a verb followed by a preposition, we use gerund (Verb-ing) after the preposition. For example, we say “I worry about getting a good job”, we succed in doing something. 
This is a verb pattern: verb + preposition + gerund. 
 
There are many more verbs with dependent prepositions, I advise you to write them down in your vocabulary notebook when you come across them. 

As you see, there are also adjectives followed by prepositions. 
 
Here are some of them: 
 

Adjective

Preposition

Example

Afraid

Of

I'm afraid of spiders.

Aware

Of

I'm aware of the situation.

Addicted

To

Is he addicted to smoking?

Excited

About

I'm so excited about the holidays!

Capable

Of

I'm capable of learning all these prepositions.

Familiar

With

Are you familiar with our rules?

Pleased

With

I'm pleased with your performance.

Married

To

He's married to Julia.

Dedicated

To

Is this book dedicated to his teachers?

Disappointed

With

I'm disappointed with the test results.

Proud

Of

I'm proud of my kids.

Guilty

Of

Is he guilty of murder?

Close

To

Is this apartment close to your work?

Responsible

For

I'm responsible for my kids.

Polite

To

You should be polite to colleagues.

Made

Of/from

It's made of wood.

Connected

To

Is this connected to the topic?

Good

At

I'm good at maths.

Full

Of

This jar is full of candy!

Used

To

I'm used to getting up early.

Jealous

Of

She's jealous of her sister!

Friendly

With/to

I'm friendly with everyone.

Interested

In

Are you interested in Sudoku?

Prepared

For

I'm prepared for Christmas

Concerned

About

Are you concerned about this problem?

Angry

At/with

She's angry with Kate.

Satisfied

With

I'm satisfied with the results.

Fond

Of

I'm very fond of reading.


And last, but not least, there are nouns followed by prepositions. 
 

Noun

Preposition

Example

Answer

To

Do you know the answer to the question?

Lack

Of

We have experienced lack of resources.

Taste

For

You have a good taste for music!

Solution

To

Can you help me find a solution to my problem?

Relationship

With

What's her relationship with Jack?

Possibility

Of

Is there any possibility of getting what we want?

Point

in

What's the point in starting this discussion?

Reason

For

I don't see a reason for hiring another manager.

Proof

Of

I need proof of your innocence.

Work

Of

It's a work of art.

Sequel

To

Will there be a sequel to Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows?

Gratitude

For

I feel gratitude for your help.

Fear

Of

Fear of being alone is difficult to get over.

Advantage

Of

There are many advantages of this job.

Awareness

Of

Ice bucket challenge has increased the awareness of ALS.

Interest

In

Interest in reading must be cultivated in children.

Matter

Of

It's a matter of time.

Decrease

In

There's a decrease in population.

Attitude

Towards

What's your attitude towards smoking?

Information

About

Do you know any information about Da Vinci?

Knowledge

Of

Knowledge of foreign languages can help you get a job.

Reaction

To

What was his reaction to your offer?

 
Of course there are more prepositions, but that’s for you to discover! Write them below in the comments – share your knowledge OF prepositions  
 
And of course, don’t forget to practice
GOOD LUCK! :))) 

Ми розглянули правила та приклади використання прийменників в англійській мові. Щоб дізнатися більше про англійську граматику, читайте інші публікації в розділі Grammar!

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