Vocabulary, Grammar. 09.03.2015
Grammar Teacher

Phrasal verbs: грамматика

Автор: Grammar Teacher

Hello, my dear readers!

Last time I told you about dependent prepositions (depend on, listen to). But sometimes, there are prepositions which completely change the meaning of the verb itself! What does “fall” mean? What does “out” mean? Well, and do you know what “fall out” means? Read and find out. 


Phrasal verbs: грамматика 
 
Must-know phrasal verbs
 
A phrasal verb is a verb with one or several prepositions. Unlike verbs with dependent prepositions, they have a completely new meaning. 
 
For example, fall – падать. Out – из. По логике – fall out = падать из. Well, we can say that Tom fell out of a tree. But also, fall out = have an argument with someone. Jane and Michael fell out last year and now they’re not friends anymore. So you see, phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning.  Some meanings are easy to understand and remember, they are quite literal (буквальные). Some meanings, however, are not literal, and you just need to remember them. 
 
 

 
Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 2



 

I have chosen some must-know phrasal verbs that you simply have to find out about!  (btw, find out is a phrasal verb. It means to learn new information.) 

Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 3



Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 4Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 5

Some phrasal verbs have more than one preposition. Here are some of them: 
Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 6



 

Of course these are not all the phrasal verbs in the English language. There are many more! We have some of them on our website, you can check them out here or here

When we put a phrasal verb into another tense, we change only the verb part. So if you want to say “calm down” in past simple, it will be “calmed down”. She calmed down after I told her my plans. 
 
There are verbs which need an object and verbs which don’t. For example, “fall down” doesn’t need an object. He fell down. No object. We call such verbs ‘intransitive’. There’s no one receiving the action. 
Transitive phrasal verbs need a direct object. For example, to turn off. You can’t just turn off, you need to turn off SOMETHING. 
 
• Turn off the TV please! 
• Turn the TV off please! 
 
Both sentences are correct. As you see, we can divide the phrasal verb by putting the object in the middle. Such verbs are called separable, the verb and the preposition can be separated in a sentence. 
“The TV” is the object of the sentence. What if I say “it” instead of “the TV”? “It” is a pronoun. Which sentence is correct? 
 

Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 7

• Turn it off please!
• Turn off it please! 
 
Only the first one is correct. If I can split the phrasal verb, if it is separable (I can put “TV” in the middle and after the phrasal verb) I must put pronouns in the middle, I have to separate the phrasal verb if I use a pronoun as the object. I can’t say “turn off + pronoun”, I must say “turn + pronoun + off”. 
 
However, there are some verbs which cannot be divided, which are inseparable. For example “look for”. Can I say “I looked the book for”? No, I can’t. I can only say “I looked for the book”. In this case, if I say “it” instead of “the book”, I’ll put “it” after the phrasal verb, because I cannot split it. I looked for it, I looked for the book. 
 
For a list of separable and inseparable phrasal verbs, go here  
 
I think now you will be able to understand these jokes :) 
Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 8

 Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 9

 Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 10 


 Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 11
  
   Phrasal verbs: грамматика - 12

Короткий онлайн курс английского языка от Booyya - https://bit.ly/3qMZy8U, в котором ты узнаешь, прослушаешь, попрактикуешь и запомнишь 14 различных фразовых глаголов.
 
And of course, don’t forget to practice! 
Вам также может понравиться:
Listening
Бесплатный урок английского с Notes. Video Lesson. What is there in your room? A1
Посмотреть англоязычное интервью с нейтив спикерами, выучить новую английскую лексику и выполнить разные задания – все это можно сделать бесплатно на нашей интерактивной онлайн-платформе Notes в новом уроке "What is there in your room?" - https://bit.ly/3BWZYmb. Этот видеоурок подойдет…
Fun
Английский на слух: Jennifer Lawrence
Отдых сейчас большинству украинцев только снится... Но ведь мы не можем отменить лето, да и не хотим! Сегодня в новеньком видео из рубрики #английскийнаслух предлагаем вам немного отвлечься и погрузиться в веселый рассказ о летнем отпуске очень простой, смешной и одновременно оскароносной актрисы Jennifer…
Reading
Бесплатный урок английского с Notes. Reading Lesson. Compensation Culture. B2-C2
Кто-то подает в суд на своего работодателя, потому что ему было скучно на работе, а кто-то на фаст-фуд из-за того, что разлил на себя горячий кофе – все это, чтобы получить компенсацию. Сегодня это называют "компенсационная культура" и именно на эту интересную и дискуссионную тему мы…
Contact us
Пн.-Пт.: 9:00-21:00
Сб.-Вс.: 10:00-15:00
Дистанционный курс
 М. ДВОРЕЦ СПОРТА,
ул. Рогнединская, 4а
Офіс тимчасово не працює.
 М. ПЛОЩАДЬ ЛЬВА ТОЛСТОГО,
ул. Льва Толстого 9-а, 3 эт.
Офіс тимчасово не працює.