Grammar. 30.10.2012
Grammar Teacher

Использование Past Perfect

Автор: Grammar Teacher

What had you already done before you started reading this page?
Had done – what tense is this?
Yay! You’re right =)  this is Past Perfect.
So today I’m going to tell you about the Past Perfect tense and when to use it.

Let’s watch this video now.
 


“And he pointed out on the map all the places he had been.”
Did he visit these places before or after he pointed them out?
First, he visited these places. This happened before he pointed out these places on the map to his friends.

 

So, the first “cross” on the map is his visit to different places. The second “cross”, closer to the present, is the fact that he showed these places on the map.

One action happened before another. Both were in the past.
We use the Past Perfect tense for the earlier action, and the Past Simple tense for the later action (closer to the present).

Let’s take a look at this sentence.
“We had loved each other for 3 years before we got married.”
We had loved each other for a long time, right? For how long? For 3 years. When did we get married? Some time ago. So it also happened in the past.
So we have a long action in the past that continued for some period of time before another action in the past.

The long action up to some moment in the past uses Past Perfect, and the single action uses Past Simple. We also use this as the past equivalent of the Present Perfect.


Let’s look at this example.
I jumped with a parachute 2 years ago!
I had never jumped with a parachute before, so I was really scared. But I’m not scared anymore!
So we have an experience (had never jumped) but before a specifiс moment in the past (before my first jump).

If I say “I have never jumped with a parachute”, it means at no time up to NOW. If I say “I had never jumped with a parachute before yesterday” it means at no time up to SOME TIME IN THE PAST.

So we use the Past Perfect:

  • To show an action that happened before another action in the past;
  • To show a continued action up to a time in the past;
  • As a past equivalent of Present Perfect.

Now let’s discuss the form of the Past Perfect tense. It’s very easy, in fact.
The form is HAD + Verb-3
If the verb is regular, then we use verb + -ed. If the verb is irregular, we use the past participle, the third form of the verb.

Check out a list of irregular verbs here:
http://www.usingenglish.com/reference/irregular-verbs/
 
Now let’s practice:

  1. Past Perfect – positive and negative Here
  2. Past Perfect questions  - here
  3. Past Perfect mixed exercise  - here
  4. Past Perfect/Past Simple  - here

GOOD LUCK! =)

PS. There is even a book called “Past Perfect”, which you can find here . I think you should read it!!!

Вам также может понравиться:
Vocabulary
7 песен на английском, которые помогут разобраться с I wish и If only
If only I were rich… If only I could get a better job… I wish you were here... Как много могло бы измениться и какой была бы наша жизнь, если бы мы немного постарались и наконец вышли из зоны комфорта. У нас много планов, а еще больше неисполненных желаний. Но главное - что мы не…
Writing
Бесплатный урок английского с Notes. Few / A Few / Little / A Little. A1-B1
Английский сам себя не выучит! Именно поэтому каждую неделю мы создаем для вас полезные онлайн уроки по английскому языку для разных уровней и на разные темы. В этот раз предлагаем пройти Free English Lesson - Few / A Few / Little / A Little - https://bit.ly/3p0Sdm0 Урок создан для уровней A1-B1,…
Listening
8 бесплатных зимних онлайн курсов по английскому языку для уровней от Elementary до Advanced
Что бы там ни случилось в 2020 году, и что бы такого не ожидало нас в 2021, есть в мире одна очень стабильная вещь - английский язык. Это до сих пор самый популярный международный язык в мире, который сближает людей с противоположных уголков планеты, а знание английского можно с…
Интенсивный курс
 М. ПЛОЩАДЬ ЛЬВА ТОЛСТОГО,
ул. Льва Толстого 9-а, 3 эт.
Пн.-Чт.: 09:00-22:00
Пт.: 13:00-20:30
Сб.-Нд.: 09:30-16:00
Стандартный курс
 М. ДВОРЕЦ СПОРТА,
ул. Рогнединская, 4а
Пн., Ср., Пт.: 9-11:30, 13:00-21:30
Вт, Чт.: 13:00-21:30
Сб.: 10:00-14:30
 М. ПОЗНЯКИ,
ул. Гришка, 6а.
Пн., Ср.: 09:00-11:00; 13:00-22:00
Вт., Чт., Пт.: 13:00-22:00
Сб.: 10:00-15:00
 М. ЛЕВОБЕРЕЖНАЯ,
ул. Митрополита Андрея Шептицкого, 4, оф. 32 (8 этаж), ТОЦ «Комод». (Вход через бизнес-центр)
Пн.-Пт.: 13:00-21:30
Сб.: 09:00-15:00
 М. УНИВЕРСИТЕТ,
ул. Пирогова, 4/26
Пн., Ср., Пт.: 10:00-21:30
Вт., Чт.: 13:00-21:30
Сб.: 09:00-14:30
 М. КОНТРАКТОВАЯ ПЛОЩАДЬ,
ул. Хорива, 1-а
Пн.-Пт.: 13:00-21:30
Сб.: 09:00-15:00