Listening, Vocabulary, Speaking. 11.07.2011

10 spoken phenomena in English

Автор: Алёна Горбатко
Часто в английской разговорной речи (а также в фильмах и песнях) мы встречаем слова wanna, gonna, gotta и др. Особенно они характерны для американского английского. Их значение неясно из контекста и не всегда можно найти в словаре. А все потому, что это неформальные сокращения (informal reduction) – явление смешения и пропуска в речи некоторых слогов или даже слов для беглого произношения. Американцы часто называют себя ленивой нацией, имея ввиду, что они не только все упрощают, но также очень невнятно и расслабленно произносят многие звуки, таким образом и появляются упрощенные (сокращенные) формы в речи носителей языка. По-английский это явление ещё называют relaxed pronunciation, потому что говорящий и вправду не напрягается, чтобы чётко произнести фразы, а сокращает их, как правило, до одного слова. Тем не менее в британском варианте сокращения тоже не редкость.


Такие формы не считаются сленгом, но являются очень разговорными, допустимыми только в неформальной обстановке. На официальных встречах или переговорах употребление подобных форм сочтут плохим тоном. А вот в повседневной речи они очень распространены. Поэтому в целях взаимопонимания приводим примеры наиболее популярных сокращений.

1.
coulda [ˈkʊɾə] could have
musta [ˈmʌstə] must have
shoulda [ˈʃʊɾə] should have
woulda [ˈwʊɾə] would have

 

 

 

 

People say that together we were both sides of the same coin
That we would shine like Venus in a clear night sky
We thought our love could overcome the circumstances
But my ambition wouldn't allow for compromise

I could see in the distance all the dreams that were clear to me
Every choice that I had to make left you on your own
Somehow the road we started down had split asunder
Too late to realise how far apart we'd grown.
How I wish I, wish I'd done a little bit more

Now "
Shoulda woulda coulda" means I'm out of time
Coz "Shoulda woulda coulda" can't change your mind
And I wonder, wonder, wonder what I'm gonna do
"Shoulda woulda coulda" are the last words of a fool
People ask how it feels to live the kind of life others dream about
I tell them everybody gotta face their highs and their lows
And in my life there's a love I put aside, cause I was busy loving something else
So for every little thing you hold on to, you gotta let something else go

[Chorus]

Fool if I would now forsake the opportunities are fate
I know I'm right where I belong
But sometimes when I'm not so strong I...

[Chorus]



 


2.
a lotta [əˈlɑɾə] a lot of
kinda [ˈkaɪɾə] kind of
outta [ˈaʊɾə] out of
sorta [ˈsɔɹɾə] sort of

 

 

- You hands are tender naked moving press the ball...
- That's kinda gay...


3.
gonna [ˈgʌnə] going to
gotta [ˈgɑɾə] got to
hafta [ˈhæftə] have to
wanna [ˈwʌnə] want to

 

 

 

 

 

 

I wanna be a billionaire so fucking bad
Buy all of the things I never had
Uh, I wanna be on the cover of Forbes magazine
Smiling next to Oprah and the Queen

Oh every time I close my eyes
I see my name in shining lights
A different city every night oh
I swear the world better prepare
For when I'm a billionaire

Yeah I would have a show like Oprah
I would be the host of everyday Christmas
Give Travie your wish list
I'd probably pull an Angelina and Brad Pitt
And adopt a bunch of babies that ain't never had shit
Give away a few Mercedes like 'Here lady have this'
And last but not least grant somebody their last wish
It's been a couple months since that I've been single so
You can call me Travie Claus minus the Ho Ho
Get it, I'd probably visit where Katrina hit
And damn sure do a lot more than FEMA did
Yeah, can't forget about me, stupid
Everywhere I go, Imma have my own theme music

[Chorus]
I'll be playing basketball with the President
Dunking on his delegates
Then I'll compliment him on his political etiquette
Toss a couple milli in the air just for the heck of it
But keep the fives, twenties, tens and bens completely separate
And yeah I'll be in a whole new tax bracket
We in recession but let me take a crack at it
I'll probably take whatever's left and just split it up
So everybody that I love can have a couple bucks
And not a single tummy around me would know what hungry was
Eating good, sleeping soundly
I know we all have a similar dream
Go in your pocket, pull out your wallet
And put it in the air and sing

I wanna be a billionaire so fucking bad
Buy all of the things I never had
Uh, I wanna be on the cover of Forbes magazine
Smiling next to Oprah and the Queen

[Chorus]

I wanna be a billionaire so fucking bad!



 


4.
didja [ˈdɪdʒə] did you
doncha [ˈdoʊntʃə] don’t you
gotcha [ˈgɑtʃə] got you
getcha [ˈgɛtʃə] get you / get your
wouldja [ˈwʊdʒə] would you
meetcha ['mɪtʃə] meet you

 

 

 

 

One way or another I'm gonna find ya
I'm gonna getcha getcha getcha getcha
One way or another I'm gonna win ya
I'm gonna getcha getcha getcha getcha
One way or another I'm gonna see ya
I'm gonna meetcha meetcha meetcha meetcha
One day, maybe next week
I'm gonna meetcha, I'm gonna meetcha, I'll meetcha
I will drive past your house
And if the lights are all down
I'll see who's around

One way or another I'm gonna find ya
I'm gonna getcha getcha getcha getcha
One way or another I'm gonna win ya
I'll getcha, I'll
getcha
One way or another I'm gonna see ya
I'm gonna meetcha meetcha meetcha meetcha
One day, maybe next week
I'm gonna meetcha, I'll meetcha

And if the lights are all out
I'll follow your bus downtown
See who's hanging out

One way or another I'm gonna lose ya
I'm gonna give you the slip, a slip of the lip or another
I'm gonna lose ya, I'm gonna trick ya
One way or another I'm gonna lose ya
I'm gonna trick ya trick ya trick ya trick ya
One way or another I'm gonna lose ya
I'm gonna give you the slip


5.
ain't [eɪnt] am not, is not, are not

 

 

 

 

Listen Baby

Ain't no mountain high.
Ain't no valley low.
Ain't no river wide enough baby.

If you need me, call me
No matter where you are
No matter how far,

dont worry baby

Just call my name
I'll be there in a hurry
You don't have to worry

cause baby,
There ain't no mountain high enough
ain't no valley low enough
ain't no river wide enough
To keep me from getting to you, babe


Remember the day
I set you free
I told you you could always count on me darling
From that day on, I made a vow
I'll be there when you want me
Someway, somehow
[Chorus]

oh no darling
No wind, no rain
Nor winter storm
can't stop me baby
no no baby
Cause you are my goal
If your ever in trouble
I'll be there on the double
just send for me
oh baby!

My love is alive
way down in my heart
Although we are miles apart
If you ever need a helping hand
I'll be there on the double
Just as fast as I can

Don't you know that there

[Chorus]





 


6.
gimme [ˈgɪmi] give me

 

 

 

 

Half past twelve
And I'm watching the late show in my flat all alone
How I hate to spend the evening on my own
Autumn winds
Blowing outside my window as I look around the room
And it makes me so depressed to see the gloom

there's not a soul out there
no one to hear my prayer

Gimme gimme gimme a man after midnight
Won't somebody help me chase the shadows away
Gimme gimme gimme a man after midnight
Take me through the darkness to the break of the day

Movie stars
Find the end of the rainbow, with a fortune to win
It's so different from the world I'm living in
Tired of T.V.
I open the window and I gaze into the night
But there's nothing there to see, no one in sight


[Chorus]
 


7.
dunno [dəˈnoʊ] don’t know

 

 


8.
y’all [jɑl] you all

 

 

 

 


9.
Whaddayasay? (What did you say?) – Что ты сказал?

10.
Whodathunkit? (Who would have thought it?) - Кто бы мог подумать?

 

 

 

 

 

 

We used to say I could walk all night, and we could and we did
Down that gravel road, to that tiny town, and the door always opened
Now we say I could walk all night. It's not true
We can't walk all night, no, because we don't want to
We want a bed and a blanket, some light breakfast, sometime tomorrow
We want a bed and a blanket, some light breakfast, sometime tomorrow
And I sing it now, hey hey, hey hey, who woulda thunk it
Hey hey, hey hey, who woulda thunk it

We used to say I could eat a horse, and we could and we did
In fast food joints in the middle of someplace on the way to someplace else
Now we say I could eat a horse. It's not true
We can't eat a horse, no, because we don't want to
We want somethin from the cookbook, that new one with the great graphics
Somethin from the cookbook, that new one with the great graphics
Oh and I sing it now, hey hey, hey hey, who woulda thunk it
Hey hey, hey hey,
who woulda thunk it
We used to say I don't care if I never have any money
As long as I have my sweet honey and a shack in the woodland
Now we say I don't care if I don't have money, but it's not true
We can't live without money, no, because we don't want to
We want one of those and two of those, and oh that one looks neat, wrap it up
Put it on my MasterCard. Put it on my Visa
And I sing it now, hey hey, hey hey, who woulda thunk it
Hey hey, hey hey, who woulda thunk it

Hey hey, hey hey
Hey hey, hey hey now, who woulda thunk it

We used to say I don't care if I never grow old
I'm gonna flame, gonna burn, take one quick turn and be gone like James Dean
Now we don't say that. It's too late to die young
So we sit at the table long after supper and a good wine
Here's what we sing, we go, hey hey, hey hey, who woulda thunk it
Hey hey, hey hey, who woulda thunk it



 

 


Полный список сокращений с примерами
 

 

Вам также может понравиться:
Writing
5 безкоштовних зимових онлайн курсів з англійської мови для рівнів від Elementary до Advanced
Для всіх тих, хто не зміг обрати для себе онлайн курс у жовтні, а також для тих, хто нещодавно став читачем нашого сайту – мій список свіжих пропозицій від світових університетів та інших освітніх ресурсів. Що вони пропонують? Цікаві та досить інтенсивні лекції, відео, аудіо та різноманітні завдання…
Vocabulary
Sing and Learn: Florence and The Machine – Shake It Out
Пам’ятаю, коли вперше почула пісні Florence and The Machine, подумала, що нічого подібного на вокал Флоренс Велч раніше не зустрічала. Музика, як і вокалістка, досить дивна та незвична, але точно варта уваги. Тим більше, гурт було засновано в Лондоні, а отже, вслухавшись в пісню уважніше, ви точно…
Grammar
Sing and Learn: Bruno Mars – Grenade
Якщо вже останнім часом я пишу про талановитих вокалістів, то з мого боку не чесно було б обійти увагою Бруно, який співає дуже красиво і талановито. Ця його пісня кілька років тому була справжнім хітом, а сьогодні  ми розберемо її текст. Easy come, easy go That's just how you live, oh Take,…
Интенсивный курс
 М. ДВОРЕЦ СПОРТА,
ул. Бассейная, 7-В (5 этаж).
Пн. -  Пт.: 10:00 - 20:30
Сб.: 10:00 - 15:00
(093) 214-64-03,
(044) 254-62-86.
 М. ДВОРЕЦ СПОРТА,
ул. Бассейная, 7-В (4 этаж).
Пн. -  Пт.: 14:00 - 22:00
Сб.: 10:00 - 15:00
(093) 030-43-53,
(044) 383-95-05.
 М. ЛЕВОБЕРЕЖНАЯ,
ул. Луначарского, 4, оф. 32 (8 этаж), ТОЦ «Комод».
Пн. -  Пт.: 10:00 - 20:30
Сб.: 10:00 - 15:00
(093) 166-68-65,
(044) 383-72-62.
Стандартный курс
 М. ДВОРЕЦ СПОРТА,
ул. Бассейная, 7-В (4 этаж).
Пн. -  Пт.: 14:00 - 22:00
Сб.: 10:00 - 15:00
(093) 030-43-53,
(044) 383-95-05.
 М. ДВОРЕЦ СПОРТА,
ул. Рогнединская, 4а
Пн. -  Пт.: 14:00 - 22:00
Сб.: 9:00 - 18:00
(093) 214-36-35
 М. КОНТРАКТОВАЯ ПЛОЩАДЬ,
ул. Сковороды, 7.
Пн. -  Пт.: 14:00 - 22:00
Сб.: 10:00 - 15:00
(095) 631-35-53,
(044) 233-10-06.
 М. УНИВЕРСИТЕТ,
ул. Назаровская, 19 (ул. Ветрова, 19)
Пн. -  Пт.: 14:00 - 22:00
Сб.: 9:00 - 17:00
(098) 469-06-30,
(094) 853-37-74
 М. ЛЕВОБЕРЕЖНАЯ,
ул. Луначарского, 4, оф. 32 (8 этаж), ТОЦ «Комод».
Пн. -  Пт.: 10:00 - 20:30
Сб.: 10:00 - 15:00
(093) 166-68-65,
(044) 383-72-62.
 М. ПОЗНЯКИ,
ул. Гришка, 6а.
Пн. -  Пт.: 10:00 - 20:30
Сб.: 10:00 - 15:00
(063) 247-04-75,
(044) 247-04-75.