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Psychology club with Lena: Позитивное мышление

Автор: Alina

Позитивный взгляд на жизнь — это выбор. Вы можете выбрать мысли, которые поднимут вам настроение и в целом раскрасят ваш день более яркими красками, рассматривая жизнь как наполненную возможностями и решениями, а не тревогами и препятствиями.

Целый месяц мы проводили эксперимент под названием «Позитивный Октябрь», когда каждый раз пытались найти 3 позитивных события, произошедших с нами за последние 3 дня, и результаты, которые мы обсуждали на предыдущей встрече, были такими: это работает, даже мелочи, такие как чашка хорошего кофе, улыбка незнакомца, солнечный день или звонок вашего хорошего друга могут сделать день лучше. Обсуждая это регулярно, мы уделяем больше внимания вещам, которые обычно не замечаем. Делясь позитивным моментом, мы заново переживаем эти эмоции, и пока мы сопереживаем, мы также становимся счастливее и создаем позитивную атмосферу.

Не всегда легко найти позитив, когда у нас много работы и просто плохой день, поэтому это требует определенных усилий. Но когда вы прилагаете это усилие, делая это по привычке, это делает вашу жизнь более счастливой, успешной и наполненной. Это хорошая традиция, которую можно распространить среди друзей, коллег и знакомых, ведь всегда приятно окружать себя позитивными людьми. Поговорим об этом детальнее на английском.

Is it good to be always positive? What is the line between positive thinking and cynic one?

We should take into consideration a trap in positive thinking, when we over-use this method finding ourselves detached from reality, loose clear vision and estimation of things around you, it can lead as well to underestimating the actual risks involved in a particular decision. Another thread is going to extremes and becoming cynical, when positive thinking becomes inappropriate and can signify about your lack of empathy and obduracy. That is why we should not forget about thought awareness and rational thinking.

What is positive psychology? And what is common and different between how positive psychology and positive?

While these terms are sometimes used interchangeably, it is important to understand that they are not the same thing. First, positive thinking is about looking at things from a positive point of view. Positive psychology certainly tends to focus on optimism, but it also notes that while there are many benefits to thinking positively, there are actually times when more realistic thinking is more advantageous. Positive psychology is the scientific study of what makes life most worth living. The goal is to make normal life more fulfilling and finding resources inside. It is concern with increasing well-being that stands upon 5 pillars: positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning and accomplishment.

One of the main concepts is of ‘flow’ introduced by M. Csíkszentmihályi, co-founder of positive psychology. It is a state of concentration or complete involvement with the activity and the situation when nothing else seems to matter. "The ego falls away. Time flies. Every action, movement, and thought follows inevitably from the previous one, like playing jazz. Your whole being is involved, and you're using your skills to the utmost", outlines Csíkszentmihályi.

Another concept is ‘mindfulness’ or catching the moment. It is awareness and focus on one immediate experience, paying attention to all your thought, emotions and physical state here and now, as said one of our students during the discussion, ‘It helps us understand that we exist’.

Another essential concept is ‘Learn optimism’ that expresses the notion that a talent of joy can be cultivated and it depends on our own will and desire to live more content life. ‘Contrary to what most of us believe, happiness does not simply happen to us. It’s something that we make happen’, M. Csíkszentmihályi.

Here some more tips how to be positive:

  1. Meditate or do yoga.
  2. Smile.
  3. Surround yourself with positive people.
  4. Change the tone of your thoughts from negative to positive.
  5. Don’t play the victim. You create your life - take responsibility.
  6. Help someone.
  7. Remember that no one is perfect and let yourself move forward.
  8. Sing.
  9. List five things that you are grateful for right now.
  10. Read positive quotes.

To finish this article I’d like to share with you my personal way to feel happier, it is the tradition of ‘Inspirational Wednesday’. Wednesday is my only day off, so I tried to get the best from it and do only things that make me feel good and inspire me. I don’t use the internet and social networks, don’t watch TV, don’t work. Instead I visit art-galleries, cinemas, theatres or just walk along the streets ‘to meet with myself’ or try to meet with friends or people who inspire me and devote time for hobby. As said the main character in the old famous serial Twin Picks,‘You have to make a little present every day’.

There is one more useful method that I have taken from famous psychologists N.Cholodenko and D. Karapachev: devote some time to think what makes you feel better, you will need to write down in 3 columns: 40 things that make you happy; when was the last time you did them, when are you going to do them. Next step is to make 1/3 of this list. You will have only two weeks for that :)

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