In this article I am going to cover two expressions that we use to talk about the FUTURE in English – WILL and BE GOING TO! Although the two forms look alike in sense, they often express two very different meanings. These different meanings may seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear.
At first, I want you to read the dialog below paying attention to the usage of WILL and BE GOING TO. Let us build a context!
Martha: What horrible weather today. I'd love to go out, but I think it will just continue raining.
Jane: Oh, I don't know. Perhaps the sun will come out later this afternoon.
Martha: I hope you're right. Listen, I'm going to have a party this Saturday. Would you like to come?
Jane: Oh, I'd love to come. Thank you for inviting me. Who's going to come to the party?
Martha: Well, a number of people haven't told me yet. But, Peter and Mark are going to help out with the cooking!
Jane: Hey, I'll help, too!
Martha: Would you? That would be great!
Jane: I'll make lasagna!
Martha: That sounds delicious! I know my Italian cousins are going to be there. I'm sure they'll love it.
Jane: Italians? Maybe I'll bake a cake...
Martha: No, no. They're not like that. They'll love it.
Jane: Well, if you say so... Is there going to be a theme for the party?
Martha: No, I don't think so. Just a chance to get together
Jane: I'm sure it'll be lots of fun.
Martha: But I'm going to hire a clown!
Jane: A clown! You're kidding me.
Martha: No, no. As a child, I always wanted a clown. Now, I'm going to have a clown at my own party.
Jane: I'm sure everyone will have a good laugh.
Martha: That's the plan!
be going to:
What about the usage of these forms?
To talk about our plans for the future, decisions or intentions made by the time of speaking (плани, рішення, наміри, прийняті до моменту мовлення) we use “going to”.
In the dialogue, Martha said I'm going to have a party and I'm going to hire a clown, because in the past she has already decided to do it, these are her preparations to the party. See more examples:
There’s a good song by Jamie Cullum called Next Year Baby where you can find a lot of sentences with GONNA. This is a contracted (short) form of GOING TO, it is informal and used only in oral speech. Let’s check the lyrics:
Gonna drink less beer
And start all over again
Gonna pull up my socks
Gonna clean my shower
Not gonna live by the clock
But get up at a decent hour
Gonna read more books
Gonna keep up with the news
Gonna learn how to cook
So the main difference between WILL and BE GOING TO is that BE GOING TO expresses something that has been planned whereas WILL expresses a sudden decision (раптове рішення). In the dialogue, the phrases, I'll help…Maybe I'll bake a cake…I'll make lasagna! mean that all these actions weren’t planned in advance, the girls made these decisions on the spot (на місці).
WILL often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily (добровільно). A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else.
A: The phone’s ringing
B: I’ll get it
Speaker B has made no plan to answer the phone. He’s, instead, volunteering to answer the phone and uses “will” to show his willingness (готовність до дії).
We also use WILL to express our promises, offers, requests like in the following examples:
The Helen’s father made an immediate decision, he didn’t know about the tire before Helen told him.
Helen’s father has already decided to fix the bicycle, so he says to his wife that he is going to fix it tomorrow.
Now let’s watch the video dedicated to this grammar point:
In our dialogue, the girls often express their opinion about the future weather, party, etc.They make predictions (statements about something they think will be true or will happen in the future):
For example, you SEE a person who is very close to a roof edge. He or she is not afraid, but you start to panic, because you SEE that the person may fall at any moment. So you say:
“Step back! You are going to fall down!”
The key word here is SEE. You see the situation which is dangerous and this allows you to make a prediction.
Here are more examples to support this rule:
She’s going to have a baby (We see her big belly and it is our evidence)
Look at these clouds. It’s going to rain.
Liverpool is going to win the game. (The game is almost over and the score is 2:0).
Do not use WILL in situations like these! And now watch the video to make sure you got it!
NB: If there’s a neutral (нейтральний) future fact that you want to tell about, you can use both forms:
Danny's going to be eight next week.
Danny will be eight next week
I hope this lesson was a useful one for you!
Let’s check it. Do the exercises below to see if you can differentiate between WILL and GOING TO: